Pregnancy comes with a long list of things to tackle, and gestational diabetes is one such. It usually develops during pregnancy and disappears soon after delivery. It is nothing but the body’s inability to make extra insulin needed during pregnancy, leading to rise in blood sugar.
With effective management, it is possible to reduce the risk of complications to both mother and the baby. Don’t miss your prenatal appointments, as doctors need to chart out best treatment plan and monitor you and your baby throughout the pregnancy.
Risks with Gestational Diabetes
Diagnosing and treating the condition at the right time is crucial. If not caught at the right time, then there is a risk of pregnancy hypertension causing breathing difficulty in fetus and leading to difficult delivery. It is noted that family history of diabetes, polycystic ovarian order, obesity, or late pregnancy are some of the causes for gestational diabetes.
Check Blood Sugar Levels
There are many reasons why your blood sugar levels are running high like how much you eat and what you eat. The time you took the medication could also have an impact on your blood sugar levels. Symptoms you need to look out for are; increase in thirst or urination during this time.
Discuss with your doctor the right time to eat food, medications and keep track of blood sugar levels. Ensure to record what you ate, when you took medication, and type of exercises you did. This would help your doctor understand which food lead to high blood sugar or what activity helped.
Anybody who takes medications that lower blood sugar levels can be at risk for hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. Having a candy would immediately get the sugar levels up. Talk to your doctor if you have more than 2 or 3 episodes in a week. Some symptoms to look out for are hunger, dizziness, headache, sweating, and rapid heartbeat.
To have a healthy pregnancy with gestational diabetes, you need to have a nutritious balanced diet to keep the blood glucose level under control. It is important to cutdown on calories especially from baked foods, sweetened beverages, junk food etc. Excessive weight gain could lead to complications for the mother and baby.
Keep a chart and plan when to eat, what to eat, and how much to eat. Gorge on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Stay away from white rice, white sugar, refined flours also help in controlling high sugar levels.
Research has shown that exercise can improve glycemic levels in women with gestational diabetes. Spend 30 minutes in physical activity, which helps in converting glucose to energy reducing insulin resistance. If you have any obstetric complication, then follow your doctor’s instructions.
Gestational diabetes commonly hits during 24th week of pregnancy with symptoms of fatigue, feeling thirsty and need to urinate frequently. If your blood glucose levels cannot be controlled with healthy eating and physical activity, then your health care provider may prescribe medications like insulin or metformin. Insulin does not harm your baby and is generally used for gestational diabetes.
You can try out consumption of bitter gourd and bitter melon, which are proven medicine for diabetes. The alkaloids and flavonoids present in them helps the body to secrete insulin and control blood sugar levels naturally.
Remember gestational diabetes would disappear as soon as your baby’s born.